Academic Writing Links

Resources to help
with college writing

Especially for ESL / EFL / NNS Writing

I am still tweaking the html for the conversion from my old site. But here is a start, a work-in-progress. More to come.

  

 

Resource

Descriptions

Icon / Link

Academic Writing Writing  |  Paragraphs  |  Citation |  Editing  |  Top
Writing Machine This is an overall guide to writing academic essays designed for non-native speakers of English. Writing Machine logo
Harvard’s
Writing CenterStrategies for Essay Writing
Harvard University’s Writing Center offers useful advice on how to approach writing a college essay.
 Diana Hacker Books   Diana Hacker has good English
writing handbooks: Rules for Writers, A Writer’s Reference, and A Pocket Style Manual (as well
as a Canadian handbook). A Writer’s Reference is a useful general guide.
Andy Gillete’s

English for Academic Purposes

This is a good website, especially for
English Academic Word Lists (United Kingdom English, so watch spellings for US journals).
Using English for Academic Purposes logo
Harvard’s Writing Center

Writing Essays in Different Disciplines

Harvard University’s Writing Center provides brief guides to writing papers for different faculties, such as History, English, Philosophy, Psychology.
Drake University

Writing Tutorial for Graduate Students

This is Drake University’s writing tutorial, designed for graduate students. It includes links to several other resources, both within Drake University and elsewhere on the web.
Writing Studio

Duke University

Resources from Duke University, including links to material for specific disciplines.
Summary Street Colorado University-Boulders Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) exercises on summary writing that compares your summary to the article–a sort of semantic application. They have others from
their main menu.
Summary Street Logo
Summary Writing Guide English Grammar Online 4U offers a simple guide to writing summaries, plus links to other helpful resources, such as verb tense and vocabulary for summaries. English 4U Online Logo
Purdue OWL

Summary, Paraphrase, & Quoting

Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab
(OWL—started by Muriel “Mickey” Harris) offers many helpful
resources. This link goes to its information about using summary, paraphrase, and quotation when writing from sources.
Purdue U OWL Logo
Harvard’s Writing Center

Stratgies for Essay Writing

Harvard University’s Writing Center offers useful advice on how to approach writing a college essay.
Christine Bauer-Ramazani

Summary Guidelines

Writing Instructor Christine Bauer-Ramazani offers her useful thoughts on writing a summary, including vocabulary.
Guide to Reading and Analysing Academic Articles Yukon College (Canada) guide to reading
and analyzing academic articles, with writing guide and further resources.
Purdue OWL

Evaluating

Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab (OWL—started by Muriel “Mickey” Harris) offers many helpful resources. This link goes to its information about evaluating sources. Purdue U OWL Logo
ERIC

Writing Research Reviews

Carla Piper, Ed.D., provides guidelines and links as part of Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) Digest on writing (critique) reviews of research articles. Includes many useful links. ERIC Logo
Renselaer Polytechnic Institut

How to Write a Critique

Susan Katz and Jenny Skerl wrote a nice handout on writing a critique.
Purdue OWL

Academic Arguments

Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab (OWL—started by Muriel “Mickey” Harris) offers many helpful resources. This link goes to its information about writing academic arguments. Purdue U OWL Logo
Purdue OWL

PowerPoint on the Rhetorical Situation

Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab (OWL—started by Muriel “Mickey” Harris) offers many helpful resources. This link goes to a page where you can download a PowerPoint presentation on the rhetorical situation in writing. Purdue U OWL Logo
Purdue OWL

Logic in Writing

Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab (OWL—started by Muriel “Mickey” Harris) offers many helpful resources. This link goes to its information about logic in writing. Purdue U OWL Logo
Purdue OWL

Appropriate Language for Academic Writing

Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab (OWL—started by Muriel “Mickey” Harris) offers many helpful resources. This link goes to its information about appropriate language for academic writing. Purdue U OWL Logo
Writing about graphs, charts and tables WriteFix.com offers help for a variety of writing and EFL writing situations. This specific link helps with a difficult writing task: writing about graphs, charts, and tables. The home page (click on logo to the right) offers links to other materials and other online resources. WriteFix.com Logo
 

 

Paragraphs Writing   |  Paragraphs  |  Citation |  Editing  |  Top
Constructing the Paragraph A self-guided tutorial on English paragraph writing from English Online France, Université de France Compté.
Paragraph Unity Richard Nordquist writes about paragraph unity for the About.Com: Grammar & Composition pages. About.Com Logo
Coherence & signal words

(transitions)

Richard Nordquist writes about paragraph coherence for the About.Com: Grammar & Composition pages. This includes lists of transition words important for academic English writing and paragraphs. About.Com Logo
Cause and effect

linking / signal words

Kenneth Beare writes about cause and effect linking words (transitions) for the About.Com: English as 2nd Language pages. These transition words are important for showing logical connections in academic English writing and paragraphs.
About.Com Logo
Coherence:
vocabulary and methods for linking and developing ideas
Kenneth Beare writes about
linking words (transitions) for the About.Com: English as 2nd Language pages. These transition words are important for academic English writing and paragraphs.
About.Com Logo
Academic Writing Module

Paragraphs

Alison Hoffmann, Barbara Griffiths and Irina Elgort of Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand, provide a web-based lesson on writing paragraphs (requires Java).

 

Citation Writing  |  Paragraphs  |  Citation |  Editing   |  Top
Purdue OWL

Avoiding
Plagiarism

Purdue’s OWL provides guidance in how to avoid plagiarism when writing academic essays in English. Purdue U OWL Logo
APA
Online Tutorial
This is the official American Psychological Association’s Frequently Asked Questions about APA Style, categorized helpfully as follows: General APA Style Questions, References, Punctuation, as well as Grammar and Writing Style. If this style is the standard for your field, consider purchasing the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Fifth Edition. APA Logo
Purdue OWL

APA
Citation Style

This is the Purdue OWL guide to using the American Psychological Association citation style, with examples. APA is used in many of the Social Sciences. Purdue U OWL Logo
Purdue OWL

MLA
Citation Style

This is the Purdue OWL guide to using the Modern Language citation style, with examples. MLA is used in most of the Humanities. Purdue U OWL Logo
Purdue OWL

Chicago
Manual of Style

Book publishers in many academic fields require the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS, formerly Turabian). This link provides an overview of CMS from Purdue’s OWL. If you are writing or editing an English book for publication, you may wish to purchase this resource. It not only covers citation and format, but also editing issues, common “problem” words, style, and English grammar relevant to publication. Some journals also require this style. Purdue U OWL Logo
Purdue OWL

Ameircan
Sociological Association Style

The American Sociological Association
has its own style for essays / articles. Purdue’s OWL provides an overview here.
Purdue U OWL Logo
English Online France

Links to Citation Resources

English Online France provides links to other online resources for citation style.
 

 

Editing Writing  |  Paragraphs  |  Citation  | Editing  |  Top
Purdue University’s OWL’s

Proofreading
Strategies

Purdue University’s OWL provides guidance on proofreading strategies and links to material on common errors for editing. Purdue U OWL Logo
Grammar Girl Grammar Girl is a well-liked website; she’s also on FaceBook, Twiiter, and Google+. Check out the site for hints and help with grammar. You can also sign up for her podcasts on iTunes. Grammar Girl
Paul
Brians’Common
English Errors
Paul Brians, of Washington State University, has a very comprehensive list of common English errors, explanations, and corrections. The site lists errors alphabetically, but you can also use the search box to look for a particular term or word bookversion, Common Errors in English Usage, which might be a useful desk reference.
Purdue
OWLTransitions and Transitional Devices
Transitions and transitional devices in English grammar may be covered as part of paragraphs; I’ve included this link here so that writers will review their transitions as part of their sentence-level editing process, as well. Purdue U OWL Logo
English Online France

Linking
words

Linking words are another term or transitions. Again, this link is here to encourage writers to check their transitions as part of their editing process.
Purdue OWL

Editing for Wordiness

Whether a sentence is wordy or not may be in the eyes of the reader / writer. However, often wordiness, sentence sprawl, and passive voice contribute to writing that is not clear to readers. Look at this module from Purdue’s OWL for help in editing Purdue U OWL Logo
Junket Studies 11 Rules of Writing These eleven “rules” don’t have very much explanation, but in combination with explanations from other resources here might be of use. The page is a service of Junket Studies, a New Jersey, US, based tutoring service.
University of Wisconsin-Madison’s

12 Common Errors An Editing Checklist

The University of Wisconsin-Madison Writing Center is an excellent resource for its students. It also has online help, such as this link to a list of twelve common errors to use as an editing check list. Each error has a link to an example, with its correction. U Wisconsin Madison Logo
Sentence connectors / conjunctions

Opposition or disagreement with the prior information

About.com’s English as a Second Language Pages provides information about joining words (conjunctions / connectors) used in English when what is joined disagrees or is the opposite of what came before it. These are useful both for variety in your writing, and to make sure that you have used a word like “however” when you mean “in addition to.” About.Com Logo
How to use a relative clause Kenneth Beare provides useful information on relative clauses (which, that, who), with links to more detailed information worth exploring. Keep in mind that UK English and US English use different punctuation with dependent / independent clauses About.Com Logo
English Online France

English Grammar for Articles / Determiners

(a / an, the)

English Online France provides an online tutorial on using determiners / articles in English. Review this material and check your article use when editing–articles often confuse writers, especially non-native speakers of English.
Grammar
Interactive
English Corner offers several web pages of English and English Grammar assistance. The Grammar Interactive page takes you to information, exercises, and further resources related to English grammar help. English Corner Logo
English Online France

English as a Foreign Language

Resources

English Online France provides a rich directory of free online EFL and ESL learning resources, categorized by type of resource (for examples: Academic English, Grammar Safaris, or Medical English). Explore the different links and bookmark those you find useful for your purposes.

 

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